Giant Schnauzer Health
IMPORTANT UPATE FROM THE BVA IN RELATION TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND IMPACT ON LITTER SCREENING (CHC) AND HC EYE SCHEME
Changes to Litter Screening Due to the Covid-19 Lockdown
Until further notice the veterinary profession has been advised to restrict its activities to essential work for safety reasons and as such the routine examination of dogs for the certification of their hereditary ocular disease status has been rendered non-essential.
In terms of the registration of results the Kennel Club has decided that adult examinations will be postponed until social distancing and lockdown are lifted.
Under the BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Examination Scheme Litter Screening is only applicable up to 12 weeks of age, but for puppies born during this time the recording of congenital hereditary ocular disease will have to be managed in one of two ways. The KC dual registration system means that for those breeds in which we recognise congenital hereditary ocular disease the adult puppy will have be examined as soon as possible post lockdown for the Approved Breeder Register. For ordinary registration purposes the disease status can wait until an adult examination is completed, but there are breeders who currently undertake litter screening simply because they wish to know that all the puppies are normal for both health and sale reasons. Currently the fee for litter screening is £30.83+VAT (£37) for litters of one to three puppies with each additional puppy costing an extra £10+VAT (£12). In the event of a breeder requesting the examination of one or more adult “puppies” on the same occasion the same fee will be charged with the panellist examining only for the presence of congenital disease and issuing a litter screening form. Should the litter have been sold on and the adult “ puppies “ then be examined individually, the fee will be £30.83+VAT per dog.
The Giant Schnauzer is a robust large sized breed that is generally considered to be healthy but to ensure that we maintain this position an Annual Health Report is produced and forwarded to the Kennel Club.
Health Testing - Giant Schnauzers
Health Testing – Giant Schnauzers
• When looking for a puppy, any caring and responsible breeder will be able to show you the KC / BVA Eye Scheme unaffected Eye Test Certificates for Hereditary Cataract (HC) of the mother and confirm that the sire too has an unaffected certificate (both should dated within the previous 12 months)
• You will also be given a copy of the Litter Screening Form to prove that the litter is unaffected by Multi Focal Retinal Dysplasia (MRD) when you purchase the puppy
• The BVA/KC/Eye Scheme for HC is a mandatory requirement for Kennel Club Assured Breeders. All other breeders are strongly advised to use these schemes, tests and/ or advice.
The BVA/KC Eye Scheme for MRD is a strongly recommended to be undertaken by all owners of breeding stock.
Breeders who are members of the Northern Schnauzer Club (NSC) have been following these recommendations for several years now as it is embedded within the Club’s Code of Ethics.
HC and MRD can occur in the Giant Schnauzer. Every endeavour must be made to eradicate such problems from the breed and it is a strongly recommended that all Giant Schnauzers are eye-tested annually, by Vets registered to undertake such eye examinations, under British Veterinary Association/The Kennel Club (BVA/KC) Eye Scheme.
• When should we Eye Test?
Puppies can be eye-tested for MRD and usually takes place between 6 and 12 weeks. Again, all caring and responsible breeder will be able to show you the Litter Screening Form to prove that the litter has been checked for MRD
Identification of HC requires annual examinations as this condition develops later can only be diagnosed from about 6 months onward and sometimes even later than aged 2 years. Therefore all Giant Schnauzers should be eye-tested again by the age of 12 months and annually afterwards
• The Need to Eye Test regularly
It is important that a BVA/KC Panelist checks all Giant Schnauzers, especially breeding stock, annually, up to about 8 years of age. Ask your breeder or Vet, to give you more information and to tell you how to obtain the name of your closest Eye Panelist Vet.
• What should I do if my Dog has problems?
If your dog is diagnosed with any of these eye problems or any other, it is in the interest of all Giant Schnauzers, to advise The Giant Schnauzer Club (GSC), The Schnauzer Club of Great Britain (SCGB), The Northern Schnauzer Club (NSC) and the breeder.
• If my dog is diagnosed with MRD or HC, why should we tell anyone?
Things occur even in the most carefully planned breeding programmes; it is only through exchange of information that will we eventually eradicate these problems from our favourite breed. It is important to tell the owners of the sire and dam, because neither parent should be bred from again. Also, it is important to tell owners of the other puppies in the litter, because those should not be bred from.
• Why hasn’t a solution been found yet?
Because of the mode of inheritance, (described as ‘recessive’) it’s not possible to identify those that carry the gene. This can only be shown up by a test-mating programme, or by owners of affected dogs advising other owners, through the GSC, SCGB or NSC, so that alternative action can be taken for the future.
• What are the Breed Clubs doing?
The clubs involved with the Giant Schnauzer breed (GSC, SCGB and NSC), in conjunction with other Clubs, support the BVA/KC Eye-Testing Scheme, organise low-cost eye-testing sessions and are raising funds, through the Joint Miniature Schnauzer Eye Fund (JMSEF) and Giant Schnauzer Health to initiate these research programmes with the AHT. A current list of the 31 Eye Panelists and all their locations can be found on the BVA website www.bva.co.uk. (click on Canine Health Schemes, then click on Eye Scheme – this will also show the latest costs).
Schemes or advice relevant to this breed
The following schemes, tests and/ or advice are mandatory requirements for Kennel Club Assured Breeders. All other breeders are strongly advised to use these schemes, tests and/ or advice.
BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme
It is strongly recommended that both Kennel Club Assured Breeders and non-Kennel Club Assured Breeders should use the following schemes, tests and/ or advice.
BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme – Litter Screening
Hip scoring of Giant Schnauzers is now on the list of recommended health checks required of Accredited Breeders. Full details about the BVA/KC Hip Dysplasia Scheme can be found on the BVA website (www.bva.co.uk).
Additional Health Screening Available
Thyroid testing Thyroid Function & TgAA for Inherited Hypothyroidism – Available from your own vet
Elbow grading: KC/BVA Elbow grading
Please visit the Giant Schnauzer Health Fund website more for information.